Ramadan in the UAE 2024: A Guide for Non-Muslims

Q&A Guide for Non-Muslims Visiting the UAE During the Holy Month of Ramadan

One of the big areas of concern some visitors and newcomers to the United Arab Emirates have is the observance of the Holy Month of Ramadan.

It can be confusing if you are new to Islam and have never experienced Ramadan before. No one wants to offend anyone in their host country deliberately, so there are just a few things we can do as visitors and expats living in the UAE to show respect and understanding at this time of year.

Ramadan 1445 will start on 11 March 2024 – confirmed by the moonsighting committee

This post is part of our series Discover the UAE

This guide was first published in 2015, and we have been updating it annually now for the past decade to reflect changes that residents & visitors should be aware of.

What is Ramadan?

Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic Calendar (Hijri Calendar). One of the five Acts of Worship (or “Pillars”) of Islam is the act of fasting during this holy month. Muslims must abstain from eating and drinking (among other things) between sunrise and sunset to teach themselves self-awareness, patience and tolerance. It is said the soul is purified of evil influence, and a person’s faith in Allah becomes stronger.

Muslim Prayer Times | A Family Guide to Ramadan | OurGlobetrotters.Net

Following the Hijri calendar, the start date of Ramadan is approximately ten days earlier each year on the Gregorian calendar. In 2024, Ramadan will fall over March/April, approaching a milder time of the year in the Middle East, though it no longer falls over the peak of summer. 

The moon sighting committee confirms the official start date of Ramadan. In different parts of the world, the new crescent moon may be sighted earlier, meaning Ramadan is observed on different Gregorian dates, depending on where you live.

The Saudi Arabia and UAE moon sighting committees have yet to meet for 1445 (2024) to confirm the start date of Ramadan this year in the UAE. Once announced, the month of Ramadan lasts for 29 to 30 days.

Ramadan in the UAE: What do non-Muslims need to observe?

A Ramadan Guide for Family Visitors to the UAE | OurGlobetrotters.Net

This is the holiest month for Muslims, a special time of year for religious devotion.

Expats and visitors to the UAE are responsible for making sure there is a suitable environment for Muslims to observe Ramadan. Although you are not expected to join in with the fasting during daylight hours, you must show respect to those who are through your conduct and make sure your family members understand and are aware of what is expected.

Accordingly, you should not eat, drink, smoke or chew gum in public places during the Holy Month.

This is not to say you can’t get a feed during the day in the UAE during Ramadan; in fact, an increasing number of establishments are now open for either take away only or dining in is now permitted.

You will find that only a handful of dining establishments are completely shut during the day as permits to serve food during Ramadan are no longer required. All hotels will have dining areas that remain open throughout the day.

PLEASE NOTE: Rules on dining establishments needing to close during the day or curtain areas off for non-Muslim diners have largely been abolished in every Emirate.

Dubai Department of Economic Development (Dubai Economy) issued a circular on 11 April 2021 stating that restaurants in Dubai Emirate will not have to screen visible dining areas during fasting hours in the Holy Month of Ramadan 1442 – learn more about Ramadan in Dubai here.

On 6 April 2021, The Department of Culture and Tourism in Abu Dhabi allowed tourist and hotel establishments to provide catering services during Ramadan without installing curtains or partitions – learn more about Ramadan in Abu Dhabi here.

This does not mean you should eat and drink anywhere in public! Fines still exist in law; we’d urge you to err on the side of caution and only eat in public within a registered dining establishment.

In the privacy of your own home or hotel room, you can do as you please. However, be mindful of what is private vs public spaces, eg can you still be seen on a balcony or in your yard? NB Inside your car out on the road is not considered private.

More about the Our Globetrotters Blog

What about children observing Ramadan?

Younger children, especially those under six years old, are not expected to participate in fasting.  Pre-pubescent children between seven and 12 years old may start to observe fasting for short periods at a time. On reaching puberty, participation by all Muslims (some exceptions I’ll mention below) is required.

Now that Ramadan falls over school term time, it’s important that school students of all ages understand and respect fasting.  Non-Muslim children are not asked to participate, but they may be asked to eat lunch in a designated school area, or vice versa, fasting children will be moved to a separate room at meal times. 

Schools will also start later and finish earlier; individual schools will advise opening hours but are normally restricted to a maximum of 5-hour days. In 2024, ADEK has advised that schools must not open before 9:00 AM and must close by 3:30 PM, with a maximum of 4-5 hours teaching time.

After-school clubs vary depending on who operates them. Times may be adjusted, or they may stop altogether during the Holy Month.

You should see no change for younger children who attend nursery or playgroups, though hours may be reduced. You should be free to feed young children when they are hungry and dress them as appropriate for the weather.

Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque | How to visit and photograph the Grand Mosque with Kids | Our Globetrotters

Are there any other exceptions to fasting?

There are several circumstances under which a Muslim can be exempted from fasting, including pregnant women, diabetics, breastfeeding mothers, menstruating women, those suffering from medical conditions or the elderly; the basic premise is you should not participate if it’s detrimental to your health.

For a non-Muslim who is pregnant or breastfeeding, you should still avoid eating or drinking in public; likewise, for children between six and 12 years, it may be allowed, but even Muslims will do this in a discreet and private way so as not to offend others. Again, attitudes to this are changing, but use your discretion.

If you are travelling through one of the country’s major international airports, you will see full food services operating as there are exemptions for travellers (although Muslims travelling will need to make up any days while travelling later on).

We have found that both DXB and AUH no longer cease serving alcohol during Ramadan; you can get a drink during your journey no matter the time of day.

Where to stay in Abu Dhabi

What is Laylat Al Qadr?

Laylat al-Qadr, or the “Night of Power,” is considered the most sacred night in Islam. It’s believed to be the night when the Quran was first revealed to Prophet Muhammad. This special night falls in the last ten days of Ramadan, and its exact date is unknown but is one of the odd-numbered nights in the last ten days. It’s a time when Muslims believe God’s blessings and mercy are abundant, prayers are more likely to be answered, and sins can be forgiven.

Accordingly, during the last ten days of Ramadan, Muslims engage in increased worship, including praying, reading the Quran, and asking for forgiveness and guidance.

The Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque reduces its opening hours during the last ten days of Ramadan.

Ramadan in the UAE – What is Iftar & Suhoor?

Iftar in the UAE

Iftar is the breaking of the fast, the meal taken immediately after sunset. This is a time for families and members of the Muslim community to come together and share a meal. Usually, after ‘the firing of the cannon’, an indication the sun has set, an immediate snack of water and dates is taken before prayers, followed by a large main meal.  

Many of the hotels in the UAE now put together quite extravagant Iftar buffets and open Ramadan dining tents. You may be invited to join these celebrations with friends and neighbours. It is polite to accept and the perfect time to join in with the spirit of the holy month; you can, of course, attend one of these on your own to join in the experience.

Many Masjids and charitable organisations will organise free community iftars for workers and those in need.

Suhoor in the UAE

Suhoor is the meal taken immediately before sunrise, and fasting commences for a new day. Again, many hotels also provide elaborate spreads for suhoor (often, surprisingly, as soon as plates are cleared from Iftar!)

For Muslims staying in hotels, you’ll find many will open their breakfast buffet early morning, or an a la carte dining menu will be available throughout the night.

Breaking the fast, Iftar display for Ramadan

SMCCU Ramadan Iftar Program

If you would like to learn more during Ramadan on the cultures and traditions of Ramadan and iftar, we strongly urge you to book an Iftar experience with SMCCU (Sheikh Mohammed Centre for Cultural Understanding) in Dubai’s Al Faihidi Historical District.

  • From March 25, 2023, to April 19, 2023
  • 6:30 pm to 9:00 pm
  • AED 195 per person
  • AED 95 for Children between 7-12 years (under 6s free)

Learn more here or email them directly openminds@cultures.ae

Other things to be mindful of during Ramadan

Ramadan is not only about food for Muslims, but it is also about abstention – including tobacco, sex, and music – and tolerance.

Hold fire on any public displays of affection, avoid kissing, and even hand-holding between grown-ups (with your child is fine).

Appropriate dress standards must be observed in public (much more stringently enforced than usual).  All grown-ups (including teens) should be dressed conservatively and look to have arms and legs covered in public – and certainly avoid bathers, cleavage, and tight clothing; this is not the month to book your bikini-clad hotel resort retreat.

Speaking of resorts, some Emirates are laxer than others regarding resort settings. Ras Al Khaimah resorts, for example, have continued to serve food and drinks during the day for many years.

In Fujairah, we’ve stayed at adjoining resorts in Ramadan, where one was playing loud music and serving food at the pool bar, whilst the neighbouring hotel was strictly no outdoor F&B service until Iftar (even this has changed now – friends went in 2022, and said ALL Fujairah resorts were serving during Ramadan. this will continue to be the case in 2024.)

You’ll need to enquire on a case-by-case basis. This is one area that has changed significantly over the twelve Ramadans we’ve personally experienced across all 7 Emirates.

Middle East Travel with Kids made easy with Our Globetrotters Family Travel Community

In that hour or so before sunset and Iftar, the patience of many is strongly tested, and you may experience some erratic driving. It is best to steer clear of the roads, and if going for your evening meal, be mindful of letting others who might need it more go before you (I did notice last year that food courts started opening pre-Iftar).

It is a time for peace and giving, so try to avoid shouting and anger, and especially no rude words or gestures.

Most workplaces will modify working hours throughout the holy month to accommodate the needs of those fasting.   You may also find shops have very different opening times, with many closed all day and open through most of the night. 

Major supermarkets and shopping malls can even be open 24 hours a day! You should have no problem finding an open supermarket throughout the day for groceries; you obviously should refrain from consuming anything until you get home.

Government departments DO continue to operate throughout Ramadan but expect things to slow down with reduced working hours. If you are waiting for Visas or the like to be processed, this may be impacted.

15 important gfacts to know before visiting the UAE

Ramadan in the UAE – What is Eid?

To prevent any confusion, there are two Eid celebrations!

Eid Al Fitr

Eid al-Fitr (Eid ul-Fitr) is the festival of the breaking of the fast, occurring immediately after Ramadan. It is a time of festivities and daytime feasts for Muslim families; also, when people dress in their new Eid clothes, ladies will have their hair and henna done, and gift-giving occurs, among other celebrations.

It is a very busy time in the country and a public holiday – usually three days, but for Government departments, this may be extended to a week.

See this full account of what to expect at Eid-ul-Fitr by guest blogger Zeyna.

Eid al Fitr is likely to commence on 10 April 2024 (Subject to moon sighting).

Charity or Zakat, another of the five pillars of Islam, is considered very important during Eid celebrations, as well as giving and being thoughtful to those less fortunate. You may see several white tents popping up all over town even before Ramadan starts; these are for making donations to the needy – it can be a good way to get your children involved in Ramadan and understand the importance of giving.

Eid al Adha

Eid al-Adha (Eid ul-adha), which is approximately 70 days after the end of Ramadan, literally translates to “the festival of the sacrifice”. Arafat Day falls first, on the second day of Hajj, the annual pilgrimage to Mecca –  the 9th Day of Dhu Al Hijja on the Hijri calendar.

Eid al-Adha immediately follows this. Animals such as sheep or goats are sacrificed, and tradition dictates a third is eaten at family gatherings, a third is given to relatives and friends, and a third is given to the needy.  

This is another 4-day public holiday, though it can be extended to a week for government departments and schools (always announced at the very last minute).

Zeyna has also provided us with this account of what Eid-ul-Adha means to her family here in the UAE.  

This year, Arafat Day is due to occur on 15 June, and Eid al-Adha is due to commence on 16 June 2024 (Subject to moon sighting).

Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque | How to visit and photograph the Grand Mosque with Kids | Our Globetrotters

FAQs on UAE Ramadan

What is the appropriate greeting to use with Muslim friends during Ramadan?

You could say “Ramadan Kareem” or “Ramadan Mubarak”.

Do Government offices in the UAE remain open during Ramadan?

Yes, the Government office will only close during the Eid celebrations. They will remain open throughout the ninth month of the Islamic lunar calendar.

What is the firing of the cannon?

Coordinated by the Dubai Police in 6 locations and at various other points of significance across the Emirates, including the Grand Mosque in Abu Dhabi, “Madfa al iftar” has been a popular tradition in the UAE (and many Muslim countries) since the 1930s to let people know it is time to end their fasting period.

Of course, apps and various digital technologies are used by most Muslims these days to work out the precise time, but the tradition of the cannon remains an important aspect of Ramadan in the UAE. You can attend in person (remember to dress respectfully), and it is also televised.

Looking to take a short escape over the Eid breaks? Check out this guide to Eid Vacations

It’s all about respect

For non-Muslim expats, Ramadan can be a complex and confusing time of year (and many will exit the country during this time).

It is a time of year that the Muslims I have spoken to look forward to genuinely. You may find this a more culturally enriching time to visit the country, though bear in mind that opening hours could vary.

Remember to park any opinions you may have about whether it is “right” or “healthy” or any other beliefs contrary to the Pillars of Islam; whether you are a visitor or an expatriate resident in the UAE, you are a guest, and these are the rules that must be observed.

Anyone caught eating, drinking, smoking, or being disrespectful could be fined or arrested if they do not heed warnings. (Maximum fine is 2,000 AED or 1-month imprisonment).

However, please see our note above that the rules seem to be changing. Restaurants no longer appear to need licenses to serve during Ramadan or to blackout windows, so this questions the validity of this law (which, as far as we know, still hasn’t actually been repealed for non-Muslims, despite common practice). 

Ramadan traditions breaking the fast

More Resources for Ramadan

The Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque in a light blue hue at night text overlay Ramadan in the UAE
A visitors guide to Ramadan in the UAE | Our Globetrotters Family Travel & Expat Blog

For more family-friendly advice on visiting the UAE with kids, come check out our Visitors Guide and see our extensive range of activities compiled with UAE family bloggers on Pinterest.  

We also have a new guide to cultural activities in the UAE.

If you are new to the UAE and looking for what to do over the summer, come check out our Summer Survival Guide, Abu Dhabi’s Best Indoor Activities and our Mega list of 100+ things to do in the UAE!

Disclosures: This post was first published in June 2015 and has been continually updated to reflect what happens in the UAE during Ramadan. We have lived in the UAE since 2012, and all opinions expressed are those of the author only. Information is correct and current to the best of our knowledge up to 2024. This page may contain affiliate links that earn us a small commission at no additional cost to you. Our full website terms of use can be found here. 

© Our Globetrotters

Like it? Share it!

17 thoughts on “Ramadan in the UAE 2024: A Guide for Non-Muslims

  1. Meghan Peterson Fenn (@bringingupbrits) says:

    Very informative and interesting. My daughter is always telling me about traditions, customs and rituals etc that her friends at school share with her. She is very interested in learning about other cultures and religions. Proud that she keeps an open mind and is respectful of her friends’ religions.

  2. ersatzexpat says:

    It is fascinating to read how this is handled in the MIddle East Thanks for posting it. When we were in Turkey years ago Ramadan was optional for (as it was in Kazakhstan), people participated or not as they wished and depending on whether they were secular or religious Muslims (rather like Lent in the UK). We would always avoid eating in front of people, however, to show respect, as would the locals who were not fasting. Here in Malaysia all Muslims are required to fast (unless exempted). Restaurants and food courts are open a little earlier but then as normal all day for the non Muslim population. If we are eating out we try to go before Iftar partly to avoid the queues but also to make sure that families who are fasting do not have to wait longer than they need to for their food.

    The children at my children’s school who want to fast are supported, some in my daughter’s class (age 6) are trying it for the first time.

    • Keri from Baby Globetrotters says:

      It would be interesting in a country like Malaysia where religion is quite mixed but obviously Islam is quite prominent. I think whatever country it’s important to have understanding and respect – something I wouldn’t have thought about really before living in a Muslim country. Thanks for sharing your experience.

      • dansontheroad says:

        Do come to Malaysia during Ramadan for a different experience! We’re more multicultural so you can still find plenty of food, especially Chinese and Indian, during the day. Every evening after 3 p.m. food bazaars will pop-up in every neighborhood selling all kinds of foods, sweets and drinks so it makes a good introduction to Malaysian street food!

      • Globetrotters Admin says:

        Yes it’s quite different depending on what Muslim country you are in. We were also in Lebanon last year and it was no different for those not fasting could eat as they wish – I still felt quite guilty though!!

  3. rho1 says:

    Hi. I want to ask about smoking. If I smoke in my own backyard (which is private) but the people from across the building can see me, would I be fined or jailed?

  4. rho1 says:

    Hello. I just want to ask about smoking. I have my own terrace (which is private) but the people from the other side who live in buildings can see my terrace. Does that mean I can’t smoke in my own property?

  5. Phoebe @ Lou Messugo says:

    This is a great post Keri, so practical and informative. I bet it’s of huge use to expats in the Middle East (and other Muslim countries). But it’s also useful for those of us living outside Muslim countries too. I didn’t know all the details so I’ve learnt new things today, thank you.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.